Reading and Phonics
helps children learn to read fluently and at speed so they can focus on developing their skills in comprehension, vocabulary and spelling.
Phonics is a method of teaching children to read by linking sounds (phonemes) and the symbols that represent them (graphemes, or letter groups). We teach phonics daily for 25 minutes. Our phonic sessions are streamed across EYFS and KS1 depending on which phonic phase the children are working within. At St Margaret’s we use to plan and deliver our phonics sessions and interventions.
Children are taught letter sounds in Reception. This involves thinking about what sound a word starts with, saying the sound out loud and then recognising how that sound is represented by a letter. The aim is for children to be able to see a letter and then say the sound it represents out loud, this is called decoding and is a key skill in reading and writing.
In Year 1 children prepare for the statutory Phonics Screening Test at the end of the year. When they are ready, children will the progress to learning spelling rules, such as adding suffixes to words (such as -ed, -ing, -er, -est, -ful, -ly, -y, -s, -es, -ment and -ness). They will be taught rules on how to change root words when adding these suffixes (for example, removing the ‘e’ from ‘have’ before adding ‘ing’) and then move onto harder concepts, such as silent letters (knock, write, etc) and particular endings (le in bottle and il in fossil).
Phonics and Early Reading
We have recently purchased new phonetically plauseable reading books for children to take home as home readers. Teachers match the text to the children's phonic level to ensure that the reading they are doing at home is consolidating and re-enforcing the learning the children are doing in school. Children will also take home a "Read With Me" book that is designed to be read with support of an adult and increase the children's exposure to vocabulary and widen thier reading expereinces.
Phonics beyond KS1
Phonics provides the basic skills children need to read and write, sometimes children need to continue to develop these skills into Key Stage 2. When this is the case we continue to provide daily phonic sessions and target interventions to support our pupils to become fluent and confident readers and writers.